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1.3 Food. Meat and Poultry. Seafood and Shellfish (0)

carnes varias

The most commonly used types of beef are:

  • Chuck: Cut from the shoulder; tough but flavorful.
  • Shank: Cut from the leg; very tough and chewy.
  • Brisket: Cut from the breast; tough if not cooked properly.
  • Rib: Cut from the rib area; very tender and flavorful.
  • Short plate: Cut from the belly of the cow; chewy and quite tough.
  • Flank: Cut from the abdominal muscles of the cow; one of the toughest cuts.
  • Loin: Cut from the back of the cow above the ribs; one of the tenderest cuts.
  • Sirloin: Cut from the back of the cow just past the loin; pretty tender and flavorful.
  • The round: Cut from the back of the cow above the back legs; chewy and tough.

There are less common types that we won't be discussing here, but they are:

  • Tongue
  • Neck
  • Knuckle
  • Liver and other organ meats

Many people find the less common types of meat to be less desirable when it comes to taste and texture. For example, many people do not like the texture or the taste of beef liver so they make sure to never buy it at the store despite its high level of vitamins and minerals.

300px British Beef Cuts.svg


 корова тушка

meatfish cut photo.ru



shellfish - моллюски

mussels – мідії

caviar (red, black) – ікра

shrimps – креветки

prawns – креветки

squids – кальмари

crabs – краби

crabmeat – крабове мясо

lobsters – лобстери

spinylobster - лангуст

lobstertails – хвостики лобстерів

scallops – морські гребінці

octopus – восьминіг

crayfish – рак

cuttlefish - каракатиця

smokesfish – копчена риба

driedfish – вялена риба

saltedfish – засолена риба

friedfish – жареная рыба

bakedfish – запечена риба

grilled fish – риба на грилі

steamed fish – риба на пару

fillet – філе

salmon – лосось

pink salmon - горбуша

trout – форель

tuna – тунець

catfish – сом

pike – щука

sturgeon – осетрина

starlet – стерлядь         

dorado – дорада

sea bass – сибас

eel – вугорь

herring – селедь

mackerel – скумбрія

cod – тріска

haddock – пикша

hake – хек

plaice (flounder) – камбала

sardine – сардина

perch – окунь

grouper – морський окунь

pike-perch – судак

carp – карп

bream – лящ      

burbot – налим

navaga – навага

mullet - кефаль

anchovy – анчоус